Cat care is simple and does not take up too much time, but you need to know what your cat needs for a normal life.
Care is not only about satisfying the cat’s life needs; proper care will help identify health problems at an early stage – hair, eyes, nose, ears will show the careful owner if everything is okay. Leaving is also communication that helps to make better contact with your pet.
The cat’s room
Cat’s Toilet: A cat’s litter tray A cat that learns to use the toilet quickly with others will have to try to get used to it. A kitten is taught everything by her mother-cat, including this necessary skill, so the baby just needs to know what to do and where to do in the new home.
If your kitten made a mistake, don’t be angry, because he’s only recently, soak the paper in a puddle and put it in the tray – the next time the kitten will be guided by the smell.
Try to equip the cat’s room so that it is comfortable for your pet. You should choose a quiet place for your cat where she will not be disturbed and a suitable litter tray (for kittens, it should be smaller in height).
Cats have a habit of burying “results”; some are so diligent that they can scatter the fill around the litter tray that a closed box will do.
It’s very important to find a good filler for the cat’s toilet. Long-haired cats will be better suited to large pellets that do not stick to the coat. The filler layer is at least five centimetres high.
Special cat litter fillers are very convenient – they quickly absorb and retain moisture and unpleasant odors. “Folk” means such as sand or sawdust kitty will spread on the feet and tail throughout the apartment.
Newspapers absorb very little moisture, which means that the cat is dissatisfied with the wet feet and yours with the footprints on the floor.
Clean up after your cat in time and add the filler (it’s convenient to use a trowel for this purpose), change it completely if necessary. Do not use strong odourless disinfectants when washing the tray. If you don’t have one cat, everyone should have their own cat tray.
If you’re trying to get your cat used to the toilet, use the well-known 21-day method. The litter tray is gradually moved to the toilet, then raised to the same level as the tray and eventually replaced by another one.
Cats are very clean, but in some cases there may still be problems with the cat’s toilet. One reason for this is the cat’s dissatisfaction with the owner’s actions, a little cat’s revenge.
Think about what might be causing it and the problem could be solved by itself. Another situation is the tags that the cat leaves on its territory. It’s harder to deal with, and one solution is to castration.
Another option is to use special sprays to help attract your cat to the litter tray and make the wrong places unpleasant.
In nature, a cat always walks freely, hunts and protects its territory. But in the conditions of the city such walks are fraught with trouble: glass fragments, cars, dogs, wasted rats and pigeons – all the dangers cannot be counted. But the cat needs physical activity, so the topic of walking causes so much controversy among the owners.
Free walking, when the cat “walks where it pleases and walks by itself” without supervision of the owner, is practiced in the villages, as well as in the summer cottages, where the urban animals are taken out for the summer.
Such walks in the city are, unfortunately, the irresponsibility of the owner, which often leads to disastrous consequences. Tribal cats are often forbidden to walk freely by the rules of the club.
Before letting your pet go for a walk, make sure that all the vaccinations are done in time. If there is a danger of catching a tick, treat the hair with a suitable treatment. Ticks carry pyroplasmosis, which kills a lot of cats and dogs every year, so keep your pet safe and check their hair regularly.
Walking a cat can’t be a substitute for hiking, but it can be a good remedy for boredom as cats are so curious. Cats walk on a leash and a special harness, and the collar is not suitable for this because the cat’s neck muscles are much weaker than those of a dog.
A cat won’t be able to pop out of the right harness (two fingers freely enter between the harness and the body). You can also use roulette leashes for small dogs as a leash. A young cat will quickly get used to this ammunition, but an adult cat will have to work hard. Leash walking skills will be useful not only for walks, but also for trips, particularly to the vet, so any cat should be accustomed to harness.
Wear ammunition from time to time, tying these moments to something pleasant (e.g. before feeding), gradually increasing the duration. Once your cat gets used to the harness, you can add a leash and walk around the room. You can’t pull the cat – it’s just gonna lie there and not go anywhere, so be prepared to be walked.
Finally, you can go for a real walk: choose a quiet and uninhabited place so your cat doesn’t get scared of the new surroundings, bring your cat in a carrier with her harness fastened. Place a container in the cat’s bag and let him go out on his own.
Some owners prefer to walk the cat on the balcony. This is very dangerous as the cat often jumps down when she’s caught up in the street. Although she can fall and land on her feet, the height of a few floors is often fatal. Sometimes a ban on walking on an un-glassed balcony is even prescribed in the contract of sale of a cat.
Cats sharpen their claws
Cat’s claws are necessary to protect the cat from enemies, as well as to mark its territory. Claws are naturally stabbed in nature, while in an apartment they may need the help of a landlord.
If the claws have become too long, they can be cut slightly. If you’re afraid to do it yourself, you can use your vet to show him how to do it properly. Although it doesn’t hurt when she gets her claws cut off, it’s still not a fun procedure (which is why it’s not allowed by animal rights activists in some countries).
If you are going to cut your nails, you should get your cat used to it as soon as possible. Take your time, caress the cat after each cut claw, and make sure that it calms down and relaxes every time.
To cut the claws, buy special scissors, cut only the white part of the claw with a few small cuts – so you do not hurt the blood vessels. If the claw is dark, you will have to cut a little bit, focusing on the normal size of the claw. Do not expect the claws to be cut to keep your furniture from scratching.
Sometimes they remove the claws completely to prevent the cat from scratching. This is a serious surgical procedure that is illegal in many countries.
Attention to the cat’s eyes, ears, teeth
A healthy, well-nourished cat should not have any problems and should not have to clean their eyes or ears often.
The exception to this is the tearful eyes of cats with a flat face: tears often do not run off themselves and can be removed with a piece of cotton wool. If your cat scratches her ears frequently, contact your vet, do not try to treat her with folk remedies.
Cats seldom have tooth decay, the main problem with teeth is tartar, which can cause bad breath. Check your pet’s teeth and if a stone has formed, you can only remove it with a vet.
This is rarely a problem if your cat eats properly. If the food is mostly soft, there’s almost no need to work with your cat’s teeth, which leads to the formation and accumulation of stone.
For prevention, you can brush your cat’s teeth weekly with a baby toothbrush with powder or soda. This procedure is unpleasant for both the cat and the owner. Although any cat can be accustomed to it, it is still worthwhile to review their cat’s diet and not to interfere with the natural cleansing of their teeth.